Exposure limits and unit conversions

Contents:

International exposure limits
  Electric fields
  Electromagnetic fields
  High-frequency fields at 450MHz (C-Netz)
  High-frequency fields at 900MHz (D-Netz)
  High-frequency fields at 1800MHz (E-Netz)
Conversion between units
  Electric fields (mV/m, V/m, kV/m)
  Electromagnetic fields (nT, T, mT)
  Electromagnetic fields (G, mG, G)
  High-frequency fields (W/m², mW/cm², W/cm²)
Conversion between units
  Electromagnetic fields (Tesla, Gauss)
  High-frequency fields (W/m², dBm/m², dBW/m²)
  dBm to V/m, W/m, A/m
Further tables
  Typical transmission power: Transmission towers
  Typical transmission power: Mobile phones and service providers
  Wavelength, frequency, frequency band naming

Exposure limits for ELECTRIC fields (50/60Hz)
100 V/m
Recommended 1996 as maximum for "workers" and their working environments by the NCRP, but not yet official.
1.000 V/m
Maximum limit as recommended by ACGIH for persons with pacemakers or other electronic implants
5.000 V/m
Current limit in Germany and recommendation of IRPA/INIRC for "private individuals"
10.000 V/m
Exposure limit for "workers" as suggested by IRPA/INIRC
20.000 V/m
Exposure limit for "workers" as suggested by ACGIH
25.000 V/m
Exposure limit for "workers" for a maximum of 2 hours, as suggested by IRPA/INIRC
All values applicable for 50/60Hz
NCRP = National Council of Radiation Protection and Measurements
ACGIH = American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists
IRPA/INIRC = International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection


© Aaronia AG, D-54597
No responsibility is taken for the correctness of this information.

Exposure limits for ELECTROMAGNETIC fields (50/60 Hz)
1.000 nT
Recommended as maximum for "private individuals" by the NCRP in 1996, but not yet official
10.000 nT
Recommended as maximum for "workers" and their working environments by the NCRP in 1996, but not yet official
100.000 nT
Current exposure limit in Germany and IRPA/INIRC recommendation for "private individuals" (daily, constant exposure).
Maximum limit as recommended by the ACGIH for persons with pacemakers or other electronic implants.
500.000 nT
IRPA/INIRC recommendation for "workers" (daily, constant exposure)
1.000.000 nT
IRPA/INIRC exposure limit for "private individuals" (daily exposure for few hours)
5.000.000 nT
IRPA/INIRC recommendation for "workers" (daily exposure for few hours)
All values applicable for 50/60Hz
NCRP = National Council of Radiation Protection and Measurements
ACGIH = American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists
IRPA/INIRC = International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection
© Aaronia AG, D-54597 Euscheid
www.elektrosmog.de, Tel. 678-714-2000. No responsibility is taken for the correctness of this information.

Exposure limits for RF fields (450MHz)
0,000.23 W/m²
BUND recommendation 1997
0,001 W/m²
"Precautionary limit" in Austria
0,02 W/m²
Exposure limit in Russia
0,023 W/m²
ECOLOG recommendation 1998 (Germany)
0,1 W/m²
Exposure limit in poland
0,16 W/m²
Exposure limit in italy
0,24 W/m²
Exposure limit in CSSR
2 W/m²
Exposure limit in New Zealand
2,3 W/m²
Exposure limit in Germany and ICNIRP recommendation 1998
3 W/m²
Exposure limit in Canada (Safety Code 6, 1997)
All values applicable at 450MHz
© Aaronia AG, D-54597
No responsibility is taken for the correctness of information.

Exposure limits for RF fields (900MHz)
0,000.45 W/m²
BUND recommendation 1997
0,001 W/m²
"Precautionary limit" in Austria
0,02 W/m²
Exposure limit in Russia
0,045 W/m²
ECOLOG-recommendation 1998 (Germany)
0,1 W/m²
Exposure limit in Poland
0,16 W/m²
Exposure limit in italy
0,24 W/m²
Exposure limit in CSSR
2 W/m²
Exposure limit in New Zealand
3 W/m²
Exposure limit in Canada (Safety Code 6, 1997)
4,5 W/m²
Exposure limit in Germany and ICNIRP recommendation 1998
All values applicable at 900MHz
© Aaronia AG, D-54597
No responsibility is taken for the correctness of information.

Exposure limits for RF fields (1800MHz)
0,000.9 W/m²
BUND recommendation 1997
0,001 W/m²
"Precautionary limit" in Austria
0,02 W/m²
Exposure limit in Russia
0,09 W/m²
ECOLOG recommendation 1998 (Germany)
0,1 W/m²
Exposure limit in Poland
0,16 W/m²
Exposure limit in Italy
0,24 W/m²
Exposure limit in CSSR
2 W/m²
Exposure limit in New Zealand
3 W/m²
Exposure limit in Canada (Safety Code 6, 1997)
9 W/m²
Exposure limit in Germany and ICNIRP recommendation 1998
All values applicable at 1800MHz
© Aaronia AG, D-54597
No responsibility is taken for the correctness of information.

Conversion between units: mV/m to V/m and kV/m
1 mV/m
10 mV/m
100 mV/m
1.000 mV/m
10.000 mV/m
100.000 mV/m
1.000.000 mV/m
10.000.000 mV/m
100.000.000 mV/m
0,001 V/m
0,01 V/m
0,1 V/m
1 V/m
10 V/m
100 V/m
1.000 V/m
10.000 V/m
100.000 V/m
0,000.001 kV/m
0,000.01 kV/m
0,000.1 kV/m
0,001 kV/m
0,01 kV/m
0,1 kV/m
1 kV/m
10 kV/m
100 kV/m
mV/m = millivolts per metre, V/m = volts per metre, kV/m = kilovolts per metre
© Aaronia AG, D-54597
No responsibility taken for the correctness of this information

Conversion between units: nT to T and mT
1 nT
10 nT
100 nT
1.000 nT
10.000 nT
100.000 nT
1.000.000 nT
10.000.000 nT
0,001 T
0,01 T
0,1 T
1 T
10 T
100 T
1.000 T
10.000 T
0,000.001 mT
0,000.01 mT
0,000.1 mT
0,001 mT
0,01 mT
0,1 mT
1 mT
10 mT
nT = nanotesla, T = microtesla, mT = millitesla
© Aaronia AG, D-54597
. No responsibility taken for the correctness of this information.

Conversion between units: G to mG and G
10 G
100 G
1.000 G
10.000 G
100.000 G
1.000.000 G
10.000.000 G
100.000.000 G
0,01 mG
0,1 mG
1 mG
10 mG
100 mG
1.000 mG
10.000 mG
100.000 mG
0,000.01 G
0,000.1 G
0,001 G
0,01 G
0,1 G
1 G
10 G
100 G
G = microgauss, mG = milligauss, G = gauss
© Aaronia AG, D-54597
. No responsibility taken for the correctness of this information.

Conversion between units: W/m² to mW/cm² and W/cm²
0,000.01 W/m²
0,000.1 W/m²
0,001 W/m²
0,01 W/m²
0,1 W/m²
1 W/m²
10 W/m²
100 W/m²
1.000 W/m²
10.000 W/m²
100.000 W/m²
0,000.001 mW/cm²
0,000.01 mW/cm²
0,000.1 mW/cm²
0,001 mW/cm²
0,01 mW/cm²
0,1 mW/cm²
1 mW/cm²
10 mW/cm²
100 mW/cm²
1.000 mW/cm²
10.000 mW/cm²
0,001 W/cm²
0,01 W/cm²
0,1 W/cm²
1 W/cm²
10 W/cm²
100 W/cm²
1.000 W/cm²
10.000 W/cm²
100.000 W/cm²
1.000.000 W/cm²
10.000.000 W/cm²
W/m² = watts per square metre, mW/cm² = milliwatts per square centimetre, W/cm² = microwatts per square centimetre
© Aaronia AG, D-54597
. No responsibility taken for the correctness of this information.

Conversion between units: Tesla to Gauss
1 T
100mT
10mT
1mT
100 T
10 T
1 T
100 nT
10 nT
1 nT
10.000 G
1.000 G
100 G
10 G
1 G
100 mG
10 mG
1 mG
100 G
10 G
T = tesla, G = gauss
© Aaronia AG, D-54597
No responsibility taken for the correctness of this information.

Conversion between units: W/m² to dBm/m² and dBW/m²
0,000.01 W/m²
0,000.1 W/m²
0,001 W/m²
0,01 W/m²
0,1 W/m²
1 W/m²
10 W/m²
100 W/m²
1.000 W/m²
10.000 W/m²
100.000 W/m²
-20 dBm/m²
-10 dBm/m²
0 dBm/m²
10 dBm/m²
20 dBm/m²
30 dBm/m²
40 dBm/m²
50 dBm/m²
60 dBm/m²
70 dBm/m²
80 dBm/m²
-50 dBW/m²
-40 dBW/m²
-30 dBW/m²
-20 dBW/m²
-10 dBW/m²
0 dBW/m²
10 dBW/m²
20 dBW/m²
30 dBW/m²
40 dBW/m²
50 dBW/m²
W/m² = watts per square metre, dBm/m² = decibels per square metre, dBW/m² = decibel watts per square metre
© Aaronia AG, D-54597
No responsibility taken for the correctness of this information.

Conversion between units: dBm to V/m, W/m, A/m
0 dBm
-1 dBm
-2 dBm
-3 dBm
-4 dBm
-5 dBm
-6 dBm
-7 dBm
-8 dBm
-9 dBm
-10dBm
-11dBm
-12dBm
-13dBm
-14dBm
-15dBm
-16dBm
-17dBm
-18dBm
-19dBm
-20dBm
-21dBm
-22dBm
-23dBm
-24dBm
-25dBm
-26dBm
-27dBm
-28dBm
-29dBm
-30dBm
-31dBm
-32dBm
-33dBm
-34dBm
-35dBm
-36dBm
-37dBm
-38dBm
-39dBm
-40dBm
-41dBm
-42dBm
-43dBm
-44dBm
-45dBm
-46dBm
-47dBm
-48dBm
-49dBm
-50dBm
-51dBm
-52dBm
-53dBm
-54dBm
-55dBm
-56dBm
-57dBm
-58dBm
-59dBm
-60dBm
-61dBm
-62dBm
-63dBm
-64dBm
-65dBm
-66dBm
-67dBm
-68dBm
-69dBm
-70dBm
6,75V/m
6,02V/m
5,36V/m
4,78V/m
4,26V/m
3,80V/m
3,38V/m
3,02V/m
2,69V/m
2,40V/m
2,13V/m
1,90V/m
1,70V/m
1,51V/m
1,35V/m
1,20V/m
1,07V/m
0,954V/m
0,850V/m
0,758V/m
0,675V/m
0,602V/m
0,536V/m
0,478V/m
0,426V/m
0,380V/m
0,338V/m
0,302V/m
0,269V/m
0,240V/m
0,213V/m
0,190V/m
0,170V/m
0,151V/m
0,135V/m
0,120V/m
0,107V/m
0,095.4V/m
0,085.0V/m
0,075.8V/m
0,067.5V/m
0,060.2V/m
0,053.6V/m
0,047.8V/m
0,042.6V/m
0,038.0V/m
0,033.8V/m
0,030.2V/m
0,026.9V/m
0,024.0V/m
0,021.3V/m
0,019.0V/m
0,017.0V/m
0,015.1V/m
0,013.5V/m
0,012.0V/m
0,010.7V/m
0,009.54V/m
0,008.50V/m
0,007.58V/m
0,006.75V/m
0,006.02V/m
0,005.36V/m
0,004.78V/m
0,004.26V/m
0,003.80V/m
0,003.38V/m
0,003.02V/m
0,002.69V/m
0,002.40V/m
0,002.13V/m
0,121W/m
0,096.0W/m
0,076.3W/m
0,060.6W/m
0,048.1W/m
0,038.2W/m
0,030.4W/m
0,024.1W/m
0,019.2W/m
0,015.2W/m
0,012.1W/m
0,009.60W/m
0,007.63W/m
0,006.06W/m
0,004.81W/m
0,003.82W/m
0,003.04W/m
0,002.41W/m
0,001.92W/m
0,001.52W/m
0,001.21W/m
0,000.960W/m
0,000.763W/m
0,000.606W/m
0,000.481W/m
0,000.382W/m
0,000.304W/m
0,000.241W/m
0,000.192W/m
0,000.152W/m
0,000.121W/m
0,000.096.0W/m
0,000.076.3W/m
0,000.060.6W/m
0,000.048.1W/m
0,000.038.2W/m
0,000.030.4W/m
0,000.024.1W/m
0,000.019.2W/m
0,000.015.2W/m
0,000.012.1W/m
0,000.009.60W/m
0,000.007.63W/m
0,000.006.06W/m
0,000.004.81W/m
0,000.003.82W/m
0,000.003.04W/m
0,000.002.41W/m
0,000.001.92W/m
0,000.001.52W/m
0,000.001.21W/m
0,000.000.960W/m
0,000.000.763W/m
0,000.000.606W/m
0,000.000.481W/m
0,000.000.382W/m
0,000.000.304W/m
0,000.000.241W/m
0,000.000.192W/m
0,000.000.152W/m
0,000.000.121W/m
0,000.000.096.0W/m
0,000.000.076.3W/m
0,000.000.060.6W/m
0,000.000.048.1W/m
0,000.000.038.2W/m
0,000.000.030.4W/m
0,000.000.024.1W/m
0,000.000.019.2W/m
0,000.000.015.2W/m
0,000.000.012.1W/m
0,017.9A/m
0,016.0A/m
0,014.2A/m
0,012.7A/m
0,011.3A/m
0,010.1A/m
0,008.98A/m
0,008.00A/m
0,007.13A/m
0,006.35A/m
0,005.66A/m
0,005.05A/m
0,004.50A/m
0,004.01A/m
0,003.57A/m
0,003.18A/m
0,002.84A/m
0,002.53A/m
0,002.25A/m
0,002.01A/m
0,001.79A/m
0,001.60A/m
0,001.42A/m
0,001.27A/m
0,001.13A/m
0,001.01A/m
0,000.898A/m
0,000.800A/m
0,000.713A/m
0,000.635A/m
0,000.566A/m
0,000.505A/m
0,000.450A/m
0,000.401A/m
0,000.357A/m
0,000.318A/m
0,000.284A/m
0,000.253A/m
0,000.225A/m
0,000.201A/m
0,000.179A/m
0,000.160A/m
0,000.142A/m
0,000.127A/m
0,000.113A/m
0,000.101A/m
0,000.089.8A/m
0,000.080.0A/m
0,000.071.3A/m
0,000.063.5A/m
0,000.056.6A/m
0,000.050.5A/m
0,000.045.0A/m
0,000.040.1A/m
0,000.035.7A/m
0,000.031.8A/m
0,000.028.4A/m
0,000.025.3A/m
0,000.022.5A/m
0,000.020.1A/m
0,000.017.9A/m
0,000.016.0A/m
0,000.014.2A/m
0,000.012.7A/m
0,000.011.3A/m
0,000.010.1A/m
0,000.008.98A/m
0,000.008.00A/m
0,000.007.13A/m
0,000.006.35A/m
0,000.005.66A/m
dBm = decibel milliwatts, W/m² = watts per square metre, V/m = volts per metre, A/m amperes per metre
WARNING: This conversion table is ONLY applicable for the HF-dectector II PROFI with retracted telescopic antenna inside the frequency range specified in the Schaffner EMC calibration certificate!
NOT usable for other measurement devices!
© Aaronia AG, D-54597
No responsibility taken for the correctness of this information.

Typical transmission power used by transmission towers
Provider:
C-Netz
D-Netz
E-Netz
Cityruf
Eurosignal
Frequency:
450 MHz
900 MHz
1900 MHz
470 MHz
87 MHz
Transmission power:
8 to 35 watts
10 to 50 watts
10 watts
100 watts
up to 2000 watts
© Aaronia AG, D-54597
No responsibility taken for the correctness of this information.

Typical transmission power used by mobile phones
Provider:
CT1+
CT2
DECT
C-Netz
E-Netz
D-Netz
C-Netz portable
D-Netz fixed
C-Netz fixed
Frequency:
900 MHz
1000 MHz
1900 MHz
450 MHz
1800 MHz
900 MHz
450 MHz
900 MHz
450 MHz
Transmission power:
0,01 watts
0,01 watts
0,25 watts
0,75 watts
up to 1 watts
up to 2 watts
up to 5 watts
up to 8 watts
up to 15 watts
Values in MHz are approximate. Some of these services have been suspended
© Aaronia AG, D-54597
No responsibility taken for the correctness of this information.

At a glance: Wavelength to frequency with frequency band names
Frequency:
3 Hz-30 Hz
30 Hz-300 Hz
300 Hz-3 kHz
3 kHz-30 kHz
30 kHz-300 kHz
300 kHz-3 MHz
3 MHz-30 MHz
30 MHz-300 MHz
300 MHz-3 GHz
3 GHz - 30 GHz
30 GHz- 300 GHz
Wavelength:
100.000 km - 10.000 km
10.000 km - 1.000 km
1.000 km - 100 km
100 km - 10 km
10 km - 1 km
1 km - 100 m
100 m - 10 m
10 m - 1 m
1 m - 10 cm
10 cm - 1 cm
1 cm - 1 mm
Band:
ULF
ELF
VF
VLF
LF
MF
HF
VHF
UHF
SHF
EHF
© Aaronia AG, D-54597
No responsibility taken for the correctness of this information.


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